Reading / Writing / Phonics

Key Stage 1


Children are taught to read from when they first enter High Cliff Academy; they have an hour of English teaching every day. In the Early Years Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 children follow the ‘Read, Write, Inc’ phonic programme and are set for phonics. This phonics programme is an integrated synthetic phonics programme that teaches decoding and blending of words. Progress is assessed every half term. During daily guided reading teaching session’s, children are taught to apply their phonic knowledge to books as well as learn the skills of inference and deduction.

Learning to read is the combination of phonic knowledge, word recognition and understanding of sentence structure. These are all strategies taught in guided reading.

Children are encouraged to borrow a book from the library and to take it home to share with their parents/carers. We promote the use of a reading record for parents/carers to communicate with class teachers about the reading their child does at home.

Phonics Teaching

Phonics is a method used across many primary schools in the UK which teaches children to read quickly and skilfully.  It teaches children the 44 sounds used in the English language. Children are taught to recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes and identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make and then blend the sounds together from left to right to make a word.

Phoenix Academy follows the ‘Read, Write, Inc’ programme of teaching phonics. This programme sets out a detailed and systematic approach to the teaching of phonic skills for children, starting in the early year’s foundation stage, with the aim of becoming fluent readers by the age of seven.

Key Stage 2

Pupils will develop their skills in reading, writing, grammar and spelling through the planned English lessons. The lessons will provide opportunities for pupils to develop their word reading as well as comprehension and higher order skills such as inference and bias.  They will have opportunities to discuss the structure of texts and identify the actions and motives of characters within their reading.  In writing, pupils will be taught the transcription skills (handwriting, spelling, punctuation and grammar) and composition skills.  They will have opportunities for writing each day.

This scheme of work will enable our pupils to:

  • read easily and fluently a range of texts (fiction, non-fiction and poetry) and with good understanding;
  • develop the habit of reading widely and often, for both pleasure and information;
  • acquire a wide vocabulary, an understanding of grammar and knowledge of linguistic conventions for reading, writing and spoken language;
  • appreciate a rich and varied literary heritage that will help them develop their own appreciation and style;
  • write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style in and for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences;
  • be able to plan their writing through discussion and use of planning tools;
  • use discussion in pairs, groups and whole class in order to learn; they should be able to elaborate and explain clearly their understanding and ideas;
  • be competent in the arts of speaking and listening, making formal presentations, demonstrating to others, participating in debate and undertaking roles in drama.



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